Guidance developed by the CoST Ethiopia MSG recommends the
use of the radio as the primary channel for disclosing project and contract
information. This guidance is based on an assessment of how people access
information which identified that 80% of Ethiopians access information
primarily via the radio, followed by TV (62%) and Word of Mouth (50%). Only 2% of
the population use the internet.
The guidance is contained in the CoST Ethiopia Disclosure
Standards that were recently discussed by over 40 representatives from
Government Procuring Entities at a Consultation Workshop.
The purpose of the Disclosure Standard, produced by Habcon
Consult, is to provide guidance to procuring entities on the disclosure of
information to the public from their construction programmes. The guidance also
recommends television, newspapers and construction site billboards as
communication channels. Despite its low use, it also recommends the use of the
internet due to the potential growth of internet users, the easy storing and
retrieving of electronic information and that it provides access to
The Standards also differentiates the communication channels
on a regional basis. For example, it proposes community meetings in the Afar
and Somali regions as word of mouth is the most popular form of accessing
information in those locations. It also promotes the use of community radio for disclosing information through
local languages. For example, South FM transmits programmes in 43 languages.
The Standards also include the standard Project and Contract
Information that should be disclosed to the public, templates for disclosing
the information at different phase of construction projects on construction
site boards, newspapers and websites and tools for monitoring disclosure.